10 Things I Learn Reading Jury Verdicts and Settlements

I tried to keep abreast of verdicts and settlements in personal injury cases in Maryland by reading the Maryland Daily Record, keeping up on jury verdicts settlements patternsthe Maryland Association for Justice listserv, and getting the reports from Jury Verdict Research, Metro Verdicts, and just what I hear on the street from other lawyers.

The result of one case tells you nothing.  But if you keep following jury verdicts and settlements, you see patterns emerge.  Here are ten things I have learned from this process:

  1. If I have never heard of you, that is a huge risk factor for a defense verdict.  Let’s start with the usual caveats.  Well-known lawyers lose cases and guys working out of their houses can win big cases. It happens all the time. No question. But if you look at reported settlements and verdicts, you see a monetary outcome of the case before you get down the names of the lawyers at the bottom.  When I see a defense verdict or a small verdict in a case, I bet it is going to a lawyer I don’t know. It is amazing how often this comes to pass.  Is it because the quality of the lawyer matters so much or is it because the best lawyers get the best cases?  I’m sure it is a combination of both and I don’t know which factor matters more.  But if you read 200 cases, it will amaze you at how well this stereotype holds true.
  2. That first rule is compounded by 10 when looking at medical malpractice cases.  If you are not regularly handling medical malpractice cases, it is extremely unlikely you will take a case to trial. Virtually, everyone who has won a medical malpractice case in the last few years is a malpractice lawyer that I’m familiar with.  When it is someone that I have never heard of, I usually google to see who it is. Most of the time, I am surprised it is not someone I have heard of because he or she has at least some track record of success. Usually, it isn’t their first rodeo.
  3. State Farm tries auto tort case.  Most of the verdicts in Maryland auto accident cases involve State Farm.  But State Farm writes less than 20% of the auto insurance policies issued in Maryland.  One thing we have seen in our cases is how little hand-wringing State Farm does when you hit a verdict that exceeds their insureds’ policy limits.  At a place like Nationwide, bells and alarms go off, and someone comes running out to do an audit to see what happened.  State Farm just pays the excess judgment (thanking you) and turns the page.  You know, I appreciate State Farm for how cold-blooded they are.  There’s no illusion of striving towards justice or fairness with them.  No “We have to be fair to the victims” charade. State Farm does not pretend to be anything other than what insurance companies are:  wicked, evil profit mongers who would shoot their parents in the head if they could save a buck on your claim.  Isn’t this refreshing in some way?  “I know we say we are a good neighbor, but that is a television commercial, pal.”  Sure, it is a sad commentary, but I find that kind of attitude refreshing in a sea of phony pretending to care for the victims. [I’m exaggerating for effect a little because it is fun to hate on these insurance companies in a black and white world.  But it is not always so. I settled a case with State Farm a few weeks ago for over a half a million where the adjuster seemed to feel genuinely for the Plaintiff and was trying to come to a fair outcome.  But I think that is more the exception than the rule with State Farm.]
  4. Soft tissue injury cases without a permanent injury do not belong in Circuit Court.  I see tons of these cases in Circuit Court.  The lawyers are rarely anyone I have heard of, and the outcomes are usually awful in the context of the time, effort, and expense of a Circuit Court case.  Sometimes, this happens because insurance companies “bump up” to Circuit Court claims that should be heard in District Court (a jury trial can be prayed from defense counsel for claims over $15,000). Other times, there are Plaintiffs who simply believe that a good recovery after eight weeks of treatment, for neck and back injuries, after a rear-end accident with limited property damage is worth a truckload of money.  Juries are telling us it is not, in most jurisdictions, except Baltimore City and Prince George’s County.
  5. Venue matters.  We have lost malpractice cases.  But I don’t think we have ever lost one where the jury did not wrestle with the claim because it was a close call.  We have also never lost a malpractice lawsuit in Baltimore City or Prince George’s County, the two golden jurisdictions for Plaintiffs in Maryland.  (By “golden”, I really mean fair.  But it is all relative.)  Had those three malpractice cases we have lost in the last 13 years been in Baltimore or P.G, I think we would have won those cases.  When you look at these verdicts, you see the same trends.   It may be the jurisdictional differences are even more extreme, because the insurance companies are quicker to settle close call cases in those jurisdictions.  We recently settled back-to-back malpractice cases in Carroll County, and every fourth word at mediation in those cases was “Carroll”.
  6. The type of injury matters. I just wrote a blog post about this last week.  Type of injury is the single best predictor of your claim’s settlement value.
  7. If Progressive Insurance is trying a case, it is an awful case for the Plaintiff or an uninsured motorist case.  Progressive talks a big game, particularly when they hire outside counsel.    They have the luxury of taking a big game because they write such small policies.  So they know it is a lot of work for a small upside.  But they are such bullies until an actual fight breaks out. But I can’t find Progressive trying a case in recent years where it had a real exposure of a significant verdict.  The great irony is the only cases where we “rolled the dice” were in the Baltimore City wrongful death case that nationally besmirched its reputation.  Why did Progressive let that one go to trial?  Just like what I said: Progressive is unafraid to try uninsured motorist cases against its own insureds because the policies have these typically small caps.
  8. If in-house counsel is trying the case, a large verdict is rare.  If an insurance company’s in-house counsel is letting the case go to trial, and the insurer is not State Farm, you are unlikely to get a good verdict.  Why? Insurance companies send to outside law firms those cases they think there is a possibility of a verdict that will exceed the policy limits.
  9. If GEICO is trying a severe injury case, it likely over a liability dispute or there is a stipulated verdict.   GEICO is not letting a lot of serious injury cases go to trial where there is no serious question over liability.  But if there is a real liability dispute (or there is no property damage, which is an entirely different animal) GEICO will roll the dice.
  10. No one is afraid to try an uninsured motorist case.  We have a terrible first-party bad faith law in Maryland.  Our insurance commissioner has clarified that insurance companies refusing to fairly value cases is not bad faith under the agency’s interpretation of the law. So the uninsured motorist carrier has real leverage, and they are not afraid to use it.
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